Project Management Office (PMO) is an organizational structure supporting the project teams within the organization by way of recommending, training and supporting project management related processes definition, tools usage, tailoring guidelines, compliance audits etc.
PMOs can be classified into three types;
- Supportive – Supportive PMOs just facilitate professional project management by way of process definition, training, tailoring, sharing lessons learned from other projects etc. The degree of control is very low.
- Controlling – Controlling PMOs provide support and at the same time demands compliance through performing audits. The degree of control is moderate.
- Directive – Directive PMOs take charge of the projects. Very often all the project managers within the organization reports to the PMO. It is the PMO who allocates project managers to projects. The degree of control is very high.
A new trend in PMOs is the Agile PMO